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 National Museum
 ( Published On Monday 12 December 2016, 13 Rabi I 1438, Time: 14:10)

ArRiyadh City Web Site - National Museum

Situated at the eastern side of the Main Square, the museums two-storey modern building accommodates the latest in museology and display techniques. The building, covering an area of 28,000 sq. m., consists of eight main galleries and two others for short-term exhibits, plus the major facilities of the museum.


The National Museum has been designed after studying various renowned museums worldwide. This was to ensure that it would be a national landmark in the Kingdom helping to enrich the country's educational and cultural process.


The museum's approach to portray mans history is derived from the Islamic facts and realities regarding the Creation of Man. Here, a unique method is adopted to show the sequence of historical developments.


Each of the main galleries represents a particular period of time; beginning with the creation of the universe, up to the present era.


Touring the museum would enable the visitor to journey from mysteries of the birth of the universe, through the prehistoric times and ancient civilizations, and to the early proto-Islamic (Jahiliyya) era. Then comes the advent of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) and the Islamic civilization, followed by the Saudi States. Last of all comes the gallery concerning Hajj and the Two Holy Mosques.



http://adaep/kahc/images/Manuniverse.gifMan and the Universe Gallery

Exhibition in this gallery operates within four basic themes. The first assigned for the issue of the creation of the universe and the formation of earth surface elements. The second one is to brief visitors on fossils which report to millions of years back, while the various environments in Saudi Arabia are tackled in the third section. The last section refers to the eldest discoveries surrounding the discovery of man in the Arabian Peninsula in old history.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Arabian_kigdoms.gifThe Arabian Kingdoms Gallery

This gallery covers ancient history in Arabia from the year 6000BC to 400AD. A tour of this gallery would begin with a glimpse at what is known as the 'Dawn of History in Arabia', with an exhibit of antiquities from civilizations that dare back to 4000BC, followed by a review of symbolic writing and the first alphabets, which developed, into primitive writing.


Here, exhibits range from the reconstruction of the ancient 'Taima Wall', to more modern, interactive display modes. The main part of the gallery is dedicated to detailed information about the Arabian Kingdoms, featuring those of the early, mid and late periods. Among the significant exhibits in the early kingdom's sector is that of the town of Madyan. As for the middle period kingdoms, the gallery exhibits models of buildings from the town of Alfau. The gallery concludes with a section on the famous towns of the Late Arabian Kingdoms including Ain Zubaidah and Alaflajj.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Jahiliyyah.gifThe Jahiliyyah Gallery

This gallery mainly represents the proto-Islamic age of the Arabian Peninsula; from the year 400AD till the advent of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). The tour of this gallery reveals much about the Arab tribes, their beliefs, traditions, antiquities as well as the development of Arabic calligraphy. Among the more important exhibits of the hall are of the fortresses built by the people of AI-Madinah and a selection of pottery and weapons.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Prophet_Mission.gifThe Prophet's Mission Gallery

This gallery focuses on the major events of Prophet Muhammad's life from the time of his birth to his migration to Al-Madinah. It features facts about his lineage, upbringing and the call of Islam. On display, in the middle of the gallery is a copy of the Holy Qur'an, the Sacred Book of Islam. The gallery ends with a unique, ceramic bridge, decorated to depict the stages of the Prophet's migration from Makkah to AI-Madinah (The Hijra).


http://adaep/kahc/images/Islam.gifIslam and the Arabian Peninsula Gallery

This gallery covers the history of the Arabian Peninsula, from the Hijra of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) up to the period preceding the advent of the first Saudi state.

Exhibits in the first section feature the Islamic state during the reign of Prophet Muhammad. This begins with the 'Dawn of lslam' and its progression with the Hijra to Al-Madinah and then the conquest of Makkah. Finally, comes the farewell pilgrimage and the death of the prophet (Peace be upon Him).


The second section is allocated for the era of the caliphs. The next wing represents Amawi, Abbasi, Mamaleek, and Othmani era.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Saudi_states.gifThe First and Second Saudi States Gallery

This gallery offers an integrated exhibition of the first and second Saudi States, reviewing the progress made by their first leaders, as well as the cultural and civic aspects of Addiriyah as the most prominent town of the state. The focus of the First Saudi states concludes with the military campaign of Ibrahim Basha and the destruction of Addiriyah.


The history of the Second Saudi State is then reviewed through the display of documents referring to its foundation, achieved by Imam Turki Bin Abdullah, who declared Riyadh as the capital and later on, unified Najd. The gallery also reviews the succession of the Imam's heir; Faisal Bin Turki.


The gallery concludes by displaying some documentaries and pictures of King Ahdulaziz's youth while away from his hometown.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Unification.gifThe Unification Gallery

The gallery covers the main events that lead to the foundation of the modern Saudi State by the Late King Abdulaziz Al Saud, beginning with the recapture of Riyadh in 1319 AH.


The gallery further illustrates King Abdulaziz efforts to unify the regions of the State and establish a Kingdom. Soon after, the efforts were put to initiating the states various structures. The gallery offers some authentic material and models of buildings representing some of the Kingdom's towns and villages. The gallery also features a documentary film, complete with audio-visual effects, about the different stages of the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


http://adaep/kahc/images/Holy_Mosques.gifHajj and the Two Holy Mosques Gallery

The two mosques represent the holiest spots on the face of earth, therefore, they deserved a separate gallery. This gallery exhibits the history of the development of both mosques throughout the successive Islamic periods till the recent Saudi architectural development and expansions. The Pilgrimage, the Hajj Holy Sites and the roads leading to Makkah are also exhibited.



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