is the city where history has made the glory of fathers and grandfathers, since
the city has witnessed the highest reformatory religious movement in the
Islamic World. In 1158H,
corresponding to 1745. Ad’Diriyah convention was agreed upon, between the
Prince of Ad’Diriyah, Imam Mohammed bin Saud and Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul
Wahab. The two Imams agreed to
call for the correction of the faith of people and to clear it from heresy,
polytheism and superstition by returning to the way of the Prophet (PBUH), his
companions, the righteous ancestors and to reform the duty of calling for
kindness, refrain from atrocity and call for Jihad in the cause of Allah.
That agreement has led Ad’Diriyah to enter into history and
thus the reformation call has started, the ancestors’ call has spread and has
acquired a wide influence and followers across the Arab Peninsula as well as
abroad. By the advent of the
Twelfth Hijra century Ad’Diriyah had become the biggest city in the Arab Peninsula,
headed by Arabs from Yemen, Oman, Hijaz, Iraq and Sham at a time when the
Islamic World was in deep sleep, ignorance and poverty.
Ad’Diriyah - Struggle and Sacrifice
Since the rise of the first Saudi State in 1158H, under the
leadership of Imam Mohammed bin Saud, who died in 1175H. and was followed by
Imam Abdulaziz bin Mohammed bin Saud the elements of the state including the
army, logistics, weaponry, manpower, wide productive areas, the treasury,
education facilities and security personnel for the stability of security.
Ad’Diriyah - Men of War
After the fall of Ad’Diriyah, many thought that it was the
end and that the call had come to an end.
Contrary to that Imam Turki bin Abdullah, a hero from whom Saudis were
able to make glory and defend the faith by establishing the second Saudi State
Ad’Diriyah - Today
Following the transfer of the capital to Riyadh, Ad’Diriyah
has returned to stillness, which is the stillness of dignity, grandeur and
sublimity, which is derived from the bright glorious past. A visit to the remains of Ad’Diriyah is
a useful and entertaining picnic to families where they see that the
environment and the splendid city that has witnessed the reformation call and
the rise of the Saudi State.
- The City Location
Ad’Diriyah lies 20 KM North West of Riyadh (11 KM from city
center). Now, joined with Riyadh
due to the residential extension of the city however, it enjoys an independent
administration within the Riyadh Emirate.
Old Ad’Diriyah lies on the banks of Wadi Hanifah that
divides Ad’Diriyah into two parts.
There are a number of quarters most important of which are:
Quarter: It is the main quarter of Ad’Diriyah, where Al Saud
house exists. It lies on the South
Western mountain. It is surrounded
by a wall overlooking all other quarters.
Quarter: This was the first capital up to 1100H(1683).
Quarter: It lies on the Eastern bank of Wadi Hanifa. There you find the mosque, school and
home of Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Wahab.