According to the Department of
Statistics and Information, the Kingdom’s population reached 23.98 million in
2007, comprising 17.5 million Saudi nationals (73%) and 6.5 million non-Saudi (27%).
Arriyadh City is one of the world’s fastest growing cities, and its population
has risen steadily at a rate of 4.2% during the period 1990 to 2004,
In the early 1950s the population of the City was no more than 100,000, mostly
of common heritage and following a pattern of life characterized by unified activities, but it now accommodates over
4.6 million people from more than 50 different cultures, languages and
The increase in population has been responsible for the growth of other sectors
that seek to meet people’s needs. From an annual increase of 8% in the mid-20th
century, since the 1980s population growth has doubled to 16%, with a
consequent change to the way of life.
According to a population survey for 2007 carried out by Arriyadh Development
Authority, the population of Arriyadh City stood at 4.6 million compared with
only 3.1 million in 2006. A similar survey in the same year showed the
population of Saudi Arabia at three million – 1.7 million male and 1.3 million
female. The non-Saudi population is made up about 1.5 million, one million male
and half a million female.
Young people make up the majority of the Arriyadh City
population. Those below 15 years of age constitutes about 34% of the total, as
shown below, thus the base of the pyramid is wide due to the growing number of
This will lead to an increased labor force in the future,
and necessitate economic programs and projects in order to increase job
opportunities. The Saudi population as a whole is typically younger compared to
other countries. The under-15s make up 40% for Saudis and 23% for non-Saudis.
Saudi residents of Arriyadh City have high fertility rates
and produce roughly equivalent numbers of male and female offspring (2 million
and 1.97 million respectively).
In contrast, the ratio of male to female non-Saudis is approximately three to
one. The distribution and classification of non-Saudis with respect to age and
gender is explained by the fact that the majority of expatriates are in the
country to work.
There are two types of households in the Arriyadh region:
the nuclear family, consisting of one couple and their children, and the extended
family, consisting of married couples and their relatives. The changing pattern
of Saudi households shows an increase in numbers of nuclear families – 75% in
2004, compared to 67% in 1996. The percentage of extended family reached 21% in
According to the population survey of 2007,
the number of residences reached 1.02 million private houses, villas and flats,
the majority of flats (368,000) being occupied by non-Saudi residents. The
number of residences occupied by Saudi families in the Arriyadh region reached
approximately 657,162 out of a total of 1.02 million, divided between private
houses, villas, and flats within villas or other flats. The total of residences
occupied by Saudis reached 657,162, of which 269,979 were villas. The home
ownership rate stood at 56%.
The number of Saudi families in Arriyadh Region reached
approximately 657,000, most living in residences with between four and six
rooms. The average number for each family is 6.3 individuals.
Population and Housing features in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia according to
population survey (2007) Ministry of Economy and Planning, Central Department
Development Authority, Arriyadh City population estimates 2004-24.
Development Authority website www.ada.gov.sa.
City website www.arriyadh.com.
City website www.arriyadh.com
Central Department of Statistics and Information, Statistical Yearbook, Issue
Development Authority, population study of Arriyadh City, 2004.
population features in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia according to population