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 King Abdulaziz Historical Center
 ( Published On Saturday 8 October 2011, 11 Dhu Alqadah 1432, Time: 14:18)

ArRiyadh City Web Site - King Abdulaziz Historical Center

The recapture of Riyadh on the 5th day of Shawwal 1319AH by the late King Abdulaziz and his brave companions has marked the beginning of a new era in the history of the Arabian Peninsula. Through continuous struggle and perseverance, King Abdulaziz has succeeded in unifying the various regions of Saudi Arabia into a single modern state. Now, the sunrising of this fifth day of Shawwal 1419AH announces the elapse of one century since the foundation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


On this occasion, the Higher Committee for the Centenary Celebrations has considered the establishment of the King Abdulaziz Historical Center to stand as a national landmark in the Kingdom, reflecting the history of the Arabian Peninsula, the immortal massage of Islam and the solid grounds on which Saudi Arabia is founded.


The High Commission for the Development of ArRiyadh sat forth the guidelines, concept and design of the Center. The Commission has supervised the various work stages with the view that the design of the Center should reflect the heritage, history, and the cultural background of Riyadh.


A tour of the Center


Ø       Public Park

Ø       National Museum

Ø       Antiquities and Museums Agency

Ø       Al-Murabba Palace

Ø       Traditional Buildings

Ø       Darat Al-Malik Abdulaziz

Ø       King Abdulaziz Public Library

Ø       King Abdulaziz Mosque

Ø       King Abdulaziz Auditorium

Ø       Water Tower



Public Park

Parks and green areas mark the main features of the Center with its numerous social and cultural structures, adding a natural environmental image and availing a green area in the center of the City. There are five main fenced parks, a sixth open park, a vast main Maydan, an oasis of Palm Trees and a water stream flowing from an old water well.


The Maydan, a vast square of 20,000 sq. m., is situated in the middle of King Abdulaziz Historical Center. It is intended to be used for social and cultural celebrations in exceptional occasions and Eids.


The Parks occupy an area of 20-30 thousand sq. m. forming the major part of the Center's area. The other facilities of the Center seem as natural islands surrounded by the green areas.


The palm tree is a symbol of patience and gratitude, therefore, palm trees were used to expressively exemplify the years of struggle of the Kingdom. A palm oasis of 100 palm trees to indicate the elapse of 100 years overlooks the Maydan at a relatively high ground. In the northern part of the Maydan, an old water well was reconstructed. Water is bumped from the old well in a water stream running across the central Maydan and terminating in an artificial lake and a fountain.


National Museum

Situated at the eastern side of the Main Square, the museums two-storey modern building accommodates the latest in museology and display techniques. The building, covering an area of 28,000 sq. m., consists of eight main galleries and two others for short-term exhibits, plus the major facilities of the museum.


The National Museum has been designed after studying various renowned museums worldwide. This was to ensure that it would be a national landmark in the Kingdom helping to enrich the country's educational and cultural process.


The museum's approach to portray mans history is derived from the Islamic facts and realities regarding the Creation of Man. Here, a unique method is adopted to show the sequence of historical developments.


Each of the main galleries represents a particular period of time; beginning with the creation of the universe, up to the present era.


Touring the museum would enable the visitor to journey from mysteries of the birth of the universe, through the prehistoric times and ancient civilizations, and to the early proto-Islamic (Jahiliyya) era. Then comes the advent of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) and the Islamic civilization, followed by the Saudi States. Last of all comes the gallery concerning Hajj and the Two Holy Mosques.



http://adaep/kahc/images/Manuniverse.gifMan and the Universe Gallery

Exhibition in this gallery operates within four basic themes. The first assigned for the issue of the creation of the universe and the formation of earth surface elements. The second one is to brief visitors on fossils which report to millions of years back, while the various environments in Saudi Arabia are tackled in the third section. The last section refers to the eldest discoveries surrounding the discovery of man in the Arabian Peninsula in old history.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Arabian_kigdoms.gifThe Arabian Kingdoms Gallery

This gallery covers ancient history in Arabia from the year 6000BC to 400AD. A tour of this gallery would begin with a glimpse at what is known as the 'Dawn of History in Arabia', with an exhibit of antiquities from civilizations that dare back to 4000BC, followed by a review of symbolic writing and the first alphabets, which developed, into primitive writing.


Here, exhibits range from the reconstruction of the ancient 'Taima Wall', to more modern, interactive display modes. The main part of the gallery is dedicated to detailed information about the Arabian Kingdoms, featuring those of the early, mid and late periods. Among the significant exhibits in the early kingdom's sector is that of the town of Madyan. As for the middle period kingdoms, the gallery exhibits models of buildings from the town of Alfau. The gallery concludes with a section on the famous towns of the Late Arabian Kingdoms including Ain Zubaidah and Alaflajj.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Jahiliyyah.gifThe Jahiliyyah Gallery

This gallery mainly represents the proto-Islamic age of the Arabian Peninsula; from the year 400AD till the advent of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him). The tour of this gallery reveals much about the Arab tribes, their beliefs, traditions, antiquities as well as the development of Arabic calligraphy. Among the more important exhibits of the hall are of the fortresses built by the people of AI-Madinah and a selection of pottery and weapons.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Prophet_Mission.gifThe Prophet's Mission Gallery

This gallery focuses on the major events of Prophet Muhammad's life from the time of his birth to his migration to Al-Madinah. It features facts about his lineage, upbringing and the call of Islam. On display, in the middle of the gallery is a copy of the Holy Qur'an, the Sacred Book of Islam. The gallery ends with a unique, ceramic bridge, decorated to depict the stages of the Prophet's migration from Makkah to AI-Madinah (The Hijra).


http://adaep/kahc/images/Islam.gifIslam and the Arabian Peninsula Gallery

This gallery covers the history of the Arabian Peninsula, from the Hijra of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him) up to the period preceding the advent of the first Saudi state.

Exhibits in the first section feature the Islamic state during the reign of Prophet Muhammad. This begins with the 'Dawn of lslam' and its progression with the Hijra to Al-Madinah and then the conquest of Makkah. Finally, comes the farewell pilgrimage and the death of the prophet (Peace be upon Him).


The second section is allocated for the era of the caliphs. The next wing represents Amawi, Abbasi, Mamaleek, and Othmani era.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Saudi_states.gifThe First and Second Saudi States Gallery

This gallery offers an integrated exhibition of the first and second Saudi States, reviewing the progress made by their first leaders, as well as the cultural and civic aspects of Addiriyah as the most prominent town of the state. The focus of the First Saudi states concludes with the military campaign of Ibrahim Basha and the destruction of Addiriyah.


The history of the Second Saudi State is then reviewed through the display of documents referring to its foundation, achieved by Imam Turki Bin Abdullah, who declared Riyadh as the capital and later on, unified Najd. The gallery also reviews the succession of the Imam's heir; Faisal Bin Turki.


The gallery concludes by displaying some documentaries and pictures of King Ahdulaziz's youth while away from his hometown.


http://adaep/kahc/images/Unification.gifThe Unification Gallery

The gallery covers the main events that lead to the foundation of the modern Saudi State by the Late King Abdulaziz Al Saud, beginning with the recapture of Riyadh in 1319 AH.


The gallery further illustrates King Abdulaziz efforts to unify the regions of the State and establish a Kingdom. Soon after, the efforts were put to initiating the states various structures. The gallery offers some authentic material and models of buildings representing some of the Kingdom's towns and villages. The gallery also features a documentary film, complete with audio-visual effects, about the different stages of the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


http://adaep/kahc/images/Holy_Mosques.gifHajj and the Two Holy Mosques Gallery

The two mosques represent the holiest spots on the face of earth, therefore, they deserved a separate gallery. This gallery exhibits the history of the development of both mosques throughout the successive Islamic periods till the recent Saudi architectural development and expansions. The Pilgrimage, the Hajj Holy Sites and the roads leading to Makkah are also exhibited.



Antiquities and Museums Agency

A new structure of 3000 sq. m. for antiquities and museums agency connected with the National Museum was constructed. The agency building is functionally independent from the museum. The building is comprised of 2 stories: the first for administration and research purposes, while the second is for rehabilitation and documentation works.


Al-Murabba' Palace

Al-Murabba' Pa lace is considered the most historically important building in the Center. The Late King Abdulaziz has ordered, in 1357 AH., the construction of a complex of palaces outside the boundaries of Riyadh at Al-Murabba'land to become his family's residential palace. The complex consisted of residential palaces, services building and the Diwan of King Abdulaziz. The Palace had hosted various Arab and Islamic Leaders and witnessed many national events. Simplicity was the main characteristic of the Palace design.


Traditional Buildings

The land of AI Murabba' Palace in itself is acquiring a historical significance. The complex comprised the famous King Abdulaziz Diwan, King Abdulaziz Palace (Currently Al-Darah) a number of buildings and archeological sites.


The High Commission has cared for repairing these sites in accordance with the internationally accepted standards.


Darat Al-Malik Abdulaziz

Located at the Western side of the Centers main Maydan, the Darah (King Abdulaziz Foundation for Research and Archives) is one of the major elements of King Abdulaziz Historical Center. The 7000 sq. m. building housing the Darah was built at the site of the residential palace of King Abdulaziz with a total built area of 12,000 sq. m. It has been reconstructed without affecting the basic features of the palace.


The Darah building is comprised of the following: administration offices, a library, a female research section, services zones, the outdoor areas, a section for the Al-Darah Magazine, and King Abdulaziz Memorial Hall. Darat AI Malik Abdulaziz activities serve the Kingdom's history, geography, arts, ideology, architecture, etc. Its role also includes enhancing scientific research activities.


v      King Abdulaziz Memorial Hall

A major part of the Darah, the King Abdulaziz Memorial Hall was established to commemorate King Abdulaziz and his efforts to unify the Kingdom. The hall exhibits King Abdulaziz's ideologies and biography.



King Abdulaziz Public Library

The library is a charity organization established by King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz when he was the Crown Prince in the year 1988. The Library serves males and females of all ages. It is provided with halls for reading, audio visuals, manuscripts and distinguished collections.


King Abdulaziz Mosque

The mosque is situated in the western side of the main Maydan south of Al-Murabba' Palace and opposite to King Abdulaziz Road from the North Direction. The Mosque can accommodate (4,200) worshippers. Traditionally, the Mosque was part of the AI Murabba' complex of palaces, and was connected to the second floor of King Abdulaziz Diwan through a bridge.


King Abdulaziz Auditorium

A fully equipped GOO-seat auditorium to host symposiums and conferences is located next to the Library.


Water Tower

Located at the South Eastern part of the Public Park, The Tower was built in 1391AH. to boost water pressure in the public water network. The Tower's two tanks are with a capacity of (12,350) cubic meter. There is a fully equipped restaurant at the top of the Tower.




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